Healthy sleep of a child.
It is well known that during sleep the children grow, the sick get well and all the people, irrespective of age, gather strength. Those who sleep well, think clearer, achieve great success on the sports field and look younger than their years. In General, the importance of a good sleep is hard to overestimate. It is especially important to get enough sleep to those who are just beginning to grow and develop.
Sad, but pediatricians increasingly acknowledge the fact that modern children have enough sleep. And lack of sleep of the child is much more dangerous than the lack of sleep in adults. Children who sleep much less than normal, slower growing and developing worse peers. This is easily explained. First, during sleep produces hormones growth. Secondly, a good sleep will contribute to a better memorization of the information received. Thirdly, General weakness due to lack of sleep interferes with normal assimilate the information.
In addition, Malossi children weakens the immune system and increases the likelihood of developing diseases of the cardiovascular system. Nedosypayuschie children are nervous, distracted, fidgety. This applies to all children regardless of their age: equally well in sleep and babies, and boys .
Parents must ensure that a child healthy sleep in sufficient quantity. What amount of sleep can be considered sufficient? How long should child to sleep?
How long should sleeping child?
For children as for adults, the normal amount of sleep is individual. Some of the kids sleep more, some less. The figures provided by physicians, are average. In General, to which we ought to strive for.
These figures reflect the total amount of sleep per day, including both nighttime sleep and daytime.
How many hours the child sleeps?
-Child from 1 to 3 months of sleeping 18-20 hours.
-The child is 3-4 months may 17-18 hours sleep.
-The baby is 5-6 months should sleep at least 16 hours.
-Child from 7 to 12 months sleeps from 14 to 16 hours a day.
-Child from 1 year to a year and a half should sleep at least 10-11 hours at night and 3-4 hours during the day. In General, at least 14 hours a day.
-Child from a half to 2 years of age should sleep at least 10-11 hours at night and 2-3 hours during the day. In General, at least 13 hours a day.
-Child from 2 to 3 years of age should sleep at least 10-11 hours at night and 2-2.5 hours in the afternoon. In General, at least 12.5 hours a day.
-Children 3-4 years of age should sleep at least 10 hours at night and 2 hours during the day. In General, at least 12 hours a day.
-Children from 5 to 7 years of age should sleep at least 9-10 hours at night and 1.5-2 hours during the day. In General, at least 10.5-11 hours a day.
-Elementary school students may not sleep during the day. At night they should sleep at least 9 hours, preferably 10 hours.
Teenage need to provide at least 9 hours of sleep a night.
-High school students should sleep on average 8 hours a day.
Why the child is sleeping less?
The reason may be that parents are not created the necessary conditions for comfortable sleep and full sleep of a child. On how to create these conditions and to help the child sleep better, we will talk later.
If your baby sleeps for 1.5-2 hours less than most of his peers, this should alert you. For a start, try to understand in what the reason: in the individual characteristics of the child’s body or in the absence of conditions for normal sleep and full sleep. Need to carefully observe the child. If he is lively, active, normally develops, demonstrates a good memory, is rarely sick, does not show excessive nervousness, so he gets enough sleep. He just needed a little less sleep than most of its peers.
If you notice your child has signs of sleep deprivation, this will sure that you created all the conditions for normal sleep, you must seek the advice of a doctor.
Healthy sleep of a child. How sleep child?
1. Sleep at the same time. The child spilled, it is necessary to observe the regime and to put him to bed at the same time. This applies especially to sleep at night.
Make it a rule to put the baby to bed, for example, in 21 hours. And never from this rule do not fall back. Let in the house, let the child became interested in the game, let the parents do – everything should be deferred for a baby’s sleep.
If he gets used to lie down at the same time, nothing will stop him in time to relax and want to sleep. No game will seem more attractive than fresh warm cozy bed and pillow.
2. Preparing for sleep, relaxation, rituals. The child is easily and quickly fell asleep, but an hour or two before bedtime it needs to be in a relaxed atmosphere.
Noisy games, challenging puzzles, intellectual challenges, preparing homework, computer games, watching noisy long movies and cartoons, listening to loud music, etc. – all this must end for an hour or two before bedtime.
The baby can safely play with toys or listen to the story read by mom. Older children can read by himself, communicate with parents, watch a quiet movie.
Yes and not much time for relaxing activities, as direct preparation for the night and will take time. Take a shower, brush your teeth, straighten the bed, change into pajamas, drink some water, etc.
By the way, the same actions performed every day before going to sleep, become a kind of ritual, which also helps the child to set the mood for bedtime. And this, in turn, promotes more rapid and deep sleep and, as a consequence, a better quality of rest.
If, for example, a few SIPS of water before going to sleep suddenly became a habit, do not try to wean her child. Let that be your ritual assistant. If the child is accustomed to, that parents read him a story, then you need to read, regardless of employment.
3. Easy on the stomach. The last meal should be 2 hours before bedtime (this does not apply to infants and children who are breastfed). Shortly before bedtime, the child can have a Cup of tea with 1-2 cookies or a Cup of yogurt, but not with a nutritious sandwich. First, with lightness in the body stronger is filled. Secondly, calorie dense snacks before bed is harmful for the stomach.
4. Comfortable atmosphere in the room. Before you put the baby, the room needed a good airing. If the room is dry, after airing should include a humidifier to bring the humidity level down to acceptable.
When the child goes to bed, turn out the light. You can leave a dim night light, if the kid asks about it. In no event it is impossible to put children to sleep with the TV on or flickering computer monitor. However, turn on the TV, top light and sound computer speakers and not after the child is asleep.
Light noise and light can not to Wake him, but they will make a child’s dream surface. Because of this, the body does not get proper rest. If this happens constantly, the child will show signs of lack of sleep. That is, he seems to be asleep, how much, and still not getting enough sleep. The reason is the lack of conditions. In the room where the baby sleeps should be cool, dark and quiet. Regardless of the age of the child.
Take care of a child’s dream!