The Education of children in the family: characteristics and styles of family education
The education of children in the family received much attention, both in publications and in the literature. Children – this is the future of humanity, so this topic will always be relevant at all times.
The education of children in the family is a fairly complex system that develops in the conditions of each particular family joint efforts of parents and their relatives. On family education can be influenced by factors such as attitude toward the child; the place of residence of the family; the number of family members; ways of life; social position; material and economic security; biological health of children and parents; family history.
Different approaches to child-rearing provoke a conflict situation between the parents. The first task of parents is to convince each other of the correctness of the adoption of common solutions to common opinion.
The second task – the discussion of important issues when the child is not around. That is, the child must not see the contradictions in the position of parents.
Parents taking a decision, shall give consideration to the things that will be helpful for the child and not their own views.
Styles of family education
The style of family upbringing is called the nature of the emotional impact of parents and children, as well as a system of techniques and tools.
There are three styles of parenting. Style 1: Authoritarian
This style is inherent categorically judgments of parents and rigor. Under the authoritarian style the senior forward is striving to subordinate the child; to stop his initiative; to control the behavior, desires and interests; to strictly enforce its requirements. The principal means of coercion acts, the threat.
Parents mistakenly believe that the child needs them to obey all the. They do not consider it necessary to justify their claims, accompanying them with physical punishment, reprimands, harsh bans, strict control.
As a result, this style of parenting can cause a child to the hostility of the people around him and psychological alienation from the surrounding world.
Style 2: Democratic
The democratic style is the most rare and achievable style of parenting. This style is characterized by the encouragement of initiative and independence, the desire of parents to establish a warm relationship with him.
Parents, guided by the wishes and needs of the child, strive to steer it in any direction. Of course, control by a parent is, but he is not tough, and loyal. Gradually the child instilled the ability to act at its own discretion, to independently make decisions, but without hurting the interests of others.
Parents take into account the capabilities, needs and interests of the child, but taking advantage of their parental rights.
In a democratic style of parenting children grow up to be friendly, understanding and responsible.
Style 3: Liberal
When liberal-style parents are strongly surround your child with attention, patience, care. They are in relation with them compliant and affectionate. The child does not accept any sanctions in case of misbehaviour. Parents how would recuse myself from the process of education. They are expecting a child, having complete freedom, permissiveness, boundless love, sooner or later identifies himself with the norms and rules of conduct, he will be Mature enough to self-limiting thoughts.
As a rule, in the children’s group, children of liberal parents would be difficult to adapt. This is because they are not able to perceive the desires and demands of others. Such children are difficult to bear responsibility for the wrongs committed. In addition, they deep down feel very insecure as it is difficult to live in a world without framework on which you can rely. Usually, the children who attended the “liberal school of education” become unmanageable.
The role of the family in the upbringing of children
The family is traditionally the primary institution of education. The child is able to maintain throughout later life that he acquired in the family during childhood. Family can not be compared with any of the institutions for the duration of its impact on the individual, as the child is in it for a considerable part of his life. The importance of the family due to the fact that it laid the foundations of a child’s personality.
In a General sense, the family is a special kind of team that plays in the education of important, long-term and fundamental role. Typically, the inferiority complex in those children whose parents serve in the role of dictators; anxious children often grow anxious mothers; unrestrained children often grow up with those parents who goes out at the slightest provocation, and so on.
Due to the fact that the educational role of the family has important significance, this begs the question: «How to make so that to minimize the negative influence of the family on the child’s upbringing and to maximize positive impact?”. You need to pinpoint the socio-psychological familial factors that have educational value.
The achievement of moral communication of parents with the child and the spiritual communion is important in the upbringing of the little man. So, should parents not be left alone with himself matured child or to let the children go.
It is in the family circle, the child makes the first observations, receives first experience, learns how to behave in different situations. The important point is reinforcement learning with specific examples.
The father’s role in upbringing of the child
The father’s role in parenting is great. Both boys and girls need in his community. Well, if children feel the caress of the father, have the opportunity to spend more time with him and help him.
Thus, according to one study, children whose fathers were actively involved in their upbringing, on tests of mental development showed higher scores. The scientists also found that when comparing children who grew up with my father and without him that even the most inattentive parent is very important. Children who grew up without a father, as a rule, the higher the level of anxiety, has a lower level of claims, often neurotic symptoms.
Thus, the children grow up in a complete family, where in his upbringing involved both parents: mom and dad!
Tips for parents on parenting
The main objectives of the family and family education of preschool children include the following:
– create the conditions for development and growth of the child;
– providing psychological and socio-economic protection to the child;
– the transfer experience of preserving and creating a family;
– teaching useful skills and applied skills aimed to help family and self;
– education of values, “I”, self-esteem.
Principles of family education
– provision of child help and willingness to answer questions;
– should not require the child impossible, then there must be consistency in their actions;
– create optimistic relationships in the family;
– compliance with trust and openness in relationships with children;
– involvement into the life of a family of children, as equal members;
– showing mercy and humanity to the growing person;
– not a requirement from the child’s immediate obedience;
– prohibition of physical punishment and other.
First of all, family education begins with the love of the child. A feature of the education of children in the family is that in the first place put emotions and feelings.
In each family uses its own methods of education: tradition, order, control, humor, exaltation of the individual, the manifestation of love, praise, empathy, displaying, confidence, discussion, examples and more.